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Car Maintenance: 10 Things car owner to practice

Open Script –

coming your way next ten basic things
every driver should be able to do to his
or her vehicle make way for another
shortlist how much do you know about the
inner workings of your car truck I mean
it’s all right if you’re not an
automotive engineer of course if you are
this video probably isn’t for you
because here are ten basic things every
motorist should be able to do
unobstructed visibility is critical to
safe driving helping ensure your
vehicle’s windshield is clear of
precipitation and road grime is washer
fluid unfortunately it couldn’t be
simpler to keep the reservoir filled
with plenty of this refreshing looking
but poisonous liquid just pop the hood
and look for a cap like this
they’re usually blue for easy spotting
then let’s pop it off top or up but
fluid is only half the equation
occasionally you’re gonna need a fresh
set of windshield wipers which is of
course point number nine on this list
luckily it’s also an easy task to swap
them as they essentially clip into place
to release a blade there’s often a small
button that you push other times they
slide into a hook on the end of the arm
in either case the blade shouldn’t be
overly difficult to swap out so give it
a try next time there’s smearing rather
than wiping hmm that sounds like a
toilet joke moving on another
mission-critical vehicle component is
engine oil and it’s super easy to check
provided you don’t own an electric cars
as they lack crankcase is full of
lubricant or a modern BMW which of
course don’t have dip sticks keeping an
eye on the oil is a snap just make sure
the vehicle sitting on a relatively
level surface and if you just parked it
wait a few minutes as the oil may not
have completely drained back into the
pan which could result in a false
reading with all that out of the way
simply pull the dipstick out wipe it off
with a rag or piece of paper towel and
stick it back into the tube from whence
it came
then pull her out again and read the
level if the oil shows between the low
and full marks you’re good to go now
this is a case where more is not better
having an overabundance of oil in an
engine can be just as bad as not enough
in fact it can lead to aeration and many
other issues so basically keep it
between the marks and you should be all
but if the engine is low on lube every
driver should also be able to top off
the crankcase just locate the filler cap
which should look something like this
then pour a bit of oil down in there
make sure it’s the correct viscosity no
no no not that
wait a minute or so and check the
dipstick again avoid overfilling add
small amounts until the correct level is
achieved car engines typically take
between 4 & 5 quarts though this does
vary a ram 3500 HD truck with the
Cummins straight-6 diesel requires three
gallons of dinosaur juice just make sure
to check the owners manual for specific
details but taking this a step further
you could also change the oil and filter
which usually isn’t that difficult if
you can do this sir or madam you have
just earned major do-it-yourself bonus
points next let’s talk about the only
part of your vehicle that should ever
touch the road yes that would be the
tires point number six all motorists
should be able to check their tire
pressure again this is a very simple
task just remove the valve stem cap and
stick a gauge firmly over the end make
sure it seats well so no air leaks out
around the edge is something that could
lead to an inaccurate measurement now
unless there are special circumstances
of course it’s best to maintain the
factory recommended pressure which is
displayed on a placard usually near the
driver’s side door jamb inflate or
deflate as required and while we’re in
this area every driver should be able to
change a flat tire though unfortunately
temporary spares have become less and
less common replaced by space and weight
saving emergency inflation kits still
the ability to jack a vehicle up remove
pending flat and install a spare tire is
an important skill to have especially if
you get a flat wear cell phone service
is not available and remember that’s
lefty tighty right righty loosey just
strip the threads and back off half a
turn you’ll be fine
also add major bonus points if you’re
able to rotate those tires a process
that’s a bit more time-consuming though
the payoff of course is prolonged entire
life if your ride is newer you’ll
probably also have to reprogram the tire
pressure monitoring system so it
accurately shows where each tire is
located now point number four on this
list of things every motorist should be
able to do is jumpstart a vehicle that
has a dead battery of course this
requires a set of cables a car a truck
that’s fully charged and a little bit of
know-how when attempting this the most
important thing is making sure you do
not mix up the leads a positive terminal
must connect to a positive terminal
negative to negative
if you switch them around very bad
things will happen a helpful hint to
prevent this is that the color red is
associated with positive and black with
negative also in modern vehicles the
negative cable doesn’t necessarily have
to connect directly to the battery as
the negative side is grounded to the
engine and body structure so an engine
bracket or metal part of the body will
work just as well as a terminal but if
you’re in doubt go for the battery ah
fresh air is a wonderful thing it’s as
necessary to life as it is to your
engine you see without a free-flowing
supply of oxygen internal combustion
simply cannot take place and that’s why
it’s important to keep tabs on your
vehicle’s air filter if it’s clogged
with dirt and debris it won’t flow as
much as it should
reducing your engine’s output but the
good news is they’re usually cheap and
relatively easy to replace now this will
vary from one vehicle to another but in
many modern cars and trucks the air
filter is found underneath a large
rectangular housing with the lid held in
place by screws or clips in either case
just pop it off to gain access to the
filter itself the new element should
drop right in but make sure to orient it
in the same way as the old one the
pleats need to face the incoming air to
capture as much dirt as possible many
vehicles are also equipped with cabin
air filters and they clean the air
before it enters the HVAC system
depending on make and model these can be
easier or much harder to replace than an
engine air filter but give yourself even
more bonus points if you’re capable of
this maintenance item next up point
number two every driver should be able
to inspect their car or trucks
serpentine belt provided the part in
question isn’t concealed by layer after
layer of plastic shrouds it should be a
snap to give a quick once-over if the
belt shows heavy abrasion cracking
across the grooves lengthwise tearing or
other obvious signs of damage you’ll
want to replace it sooner than later and
award yourself some super bonus points
if you can tackle this job on your own
in theory the process is simple but it
often feels like you need two extra sets
of hands to get the belt position
exactly where it needs to be with the
tension released and remember proper
routing is critical for all accessories
to function finally every driver out
there should be able to give their
engines cooling system a good once-over
critically important yet often ignored
like that exercise equipment you bought
around the holidays in 2007 cooling
systems have to cope with scorching
summer heat and arctic cold keep an eye
out for swelled chafed cracked or
weeping hoses they are fixing to burst
which will leave you stranded also make
sure there’s enough coolant in the
overflow reservoir and more as required
and of course if it looks like
antifreeze is discolored or rusty it
means the cooling system is long overdue
to be flushed out something you can do
yourself if your fancy earning even more
bonus points and there you have a 10
simple vehicle maintenance items every
driver should be able to tackle how many
of these things can you do and how many
bonus points did you earn well write
your responses here on the screen and
we’ll make sure to read every single one
of them anyway thank you for watching
this not so short list and as always
make sure to follow the manufacturers
recommended maintenance items for your
particular vehicle oh and just a very
quick housekeeping note if you’re
looking for a dependable vehicle do not
buy any of the ten highlighted in the
last episode of the short list that we
published it’s actually all about the
ten least reliable vehicles according to
our friends over at Consumer Reports so
if you don’t want to spend all the rest
of your free time in a dealership
service department are on the side of
the road steer clear of all those

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